CalTrout On Drought, Climate Change And Are We Ready?

Here’s more from CalTrout on the concerns we should all have:

This past month was a major setback for California’s diverse freshwater ecosystems. Drought preparedness bill AB 2451, representing real hope for water scarcity, likely failed, and Governor Newsom introduced a Water Supply Strategy that is an important step but inadequate for the protection of freshwater ecosystems – especially in the face of the ongoing climate crisis.

Here at CalTrout, we balance the needs of fish, water, and people. We recognize that the California we know and love is a functionally altered landscape. Our work and our vision support clean drinking water for all Californians, a thriving economy, while also allowing wild fish to thrive in our rivers, lakes, estuaries, and headwater habitats. However, this balance is not reflected in the Governor’s or the State’s drought preparedness, vision for the future, or policies. 

AB 2451 and Governor Newsom’s Water Supply Strategy

Assemblymember Jim Wood sought to address California’s lack of drought preparedness in AB 2451. This bill would have created the State of California’s only permanent office that prepares for a drier, more arid future. However, because of some short-sighted efforts hidden behind the veil of our legislative process, AB 2451 and California’s chance to prepare for long-term drought and aridification have likely failed. While there is some hope that the legislature can support the funding of AB 2451 through a last-minute budget process, it appears more likely that the State Water Resources Control Board and the legislature have once again failed to meet the needs of Californians.

Within an hour of hearing the news on AB 2451, Governor Newsom released his Water Supply Strategy. This Strategy was pitched as an adaptation plan to prepare California for a hotter, drier future. While it sounds promising, this Strategy fails to outline a plan for our freshwater streams, rivers, and lakes. Despite a handful of references to ‘fish and wildlife’, this Strategy firmly places California’s unique geography and freshwater habitat as an afterthought. Worse than that, this Strategy highlights the need to invest heavily in California’s archaic patchwork dam system without specifically naming those projects.

CalTrout supports investments in necessary water storage systems and investments in groundwater storage, but we believe there must be a balance. Dams are necessary to support California’s economy and growing population. However, there are over 1400 major dams throughout California, many of which no longer serve any functional purpose. These obsolete dams do not supply water storage, do not produce electricity, and are dangerous to populations of both fish and people. Many of these dams cause harmful algae blooms that create toxic, not to mention deadly stream temperatures for fish. Any solution that highlights a need to create and maintain surface water storage must also come with a recognition of our past failures. Governor Newsom’s Water Supply Strategy does not offer this recognition.

CalTrout and Trout Unlimited also put out a press release on drought preparedness earlier this month:

Fish Conservation Groups say new Water Supply Strategy for California doesn’t do enough to help vanishing salmon, steelhead, and other coldwater species  

SACRAMENTO, Calif. – Today, California Governor Newsom released his Water Supply Strategy, which is intended to guide and improve the state’s ability to adapt to a hotter, drier future. Leading coldwater conservation groups California Trout (CalTrout) and Trout Unlimited (TU) applauded the Governor’s action but said the Strategy must also articulate how it will address the worsening state of freshwater ecosystems, native fish populations, and recreational and commercial fisheries.

The Strategy lays out a number of proposed actions to increase water supply, including developing new supplies, expanding storage capacity, reducing demand and improving forecasting, data, and management, including water rights modernization. Missing are specific actions to restore and protect streams and water sources vital for salmon, steelhead, and trout.

“While we applaud and agree with the Governor’s focus on solving California’s aging water storage infrastructure problems, he left out a critical piece of nuance,” said Redgie Collins, CalTrout’s Legal and Policy Director. “Many of California’s 1,400 dams are obsolete, meaning they no longer safely deliver water storage, flood control, or energy production. Many of these aging dams kill fish, impair water quality and destroy recreational opportunities. If the state truly wants improve it’s water infrastructure, it must include the removal of facilities as well. Old obsolete dams are located on some of our best remaining salmon streams, including the Eel River, Battle Creek, and the Klamath River, which are also water sources for many cultures, communities and economies. While we need to ensure that our state has adequate water storage capacity, we also must seize the opportunity to restore those rivers that will most benefit people, fish and wildlife.”

Climate impacts, coupled with human water demand and management and legacy land use practices have devastated California’s salmon and steelhead populations, many of which are currently listed under the California and federal Endangered Species Acts due to drastic declines in recent decades.

Some of the actions outlined in the Strategy have the potential to improve habitat conditions for native fish if implemented in the right manner. For example, groundwater recharge efforts could open opportunities for nature-based solutions that also restore and improve important fish habitat like floodplains and reconnect wetlands.

“We agree that the effects of climate change on the state’s water supplies are severe,” said Matt Clifford, staff attorney for TU’s California Water Project. “More severe dry years, hotter temperatures, more evaporation, and less runoff all add up to less flow in the rivers and streams that support salmon and steelhead. This plan has a lot to say about how to make more water available for people, but it needs to say much more about how we will integrate those actions with others to better protect and enhance the streamflows that our native coldwater fish require. There are ways to do both, and it’s crucial that they be described in the state’s plans.”